New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT) : NZAID Programme
Kiribati Fisheries Training Feasibility Study
Terms of Reference


The mission of MFAT’s NZAID programme is to support sustainable development in developing countries in order to reduce poverty and to contribute to a more secure, equitable, and prosperous world. Under this sits the NZAID programme’s Pacific Strategy, which includes a focus on achieving broader based growth and improved livelihoods. This is well aligned with the Kiribati Development Plan (KDP: 2008-11) whose theme is “Enhancing economic growth for sustainable development” with a vision of “A vibrant economy for the people of Kiribati”. The plan puts its main emphasis on how Kiribati’s main assets – its people, can have their lives improved through further development of the economy and their capabilities. It is anticipated this will lead to creation of employment opportunities and a skilled workforce that can access not only the national, but also the international labour market.

As a result, MFAT’s development cooperation programme with Kiribati has had a central focus on human resource / workforce skills development. In particular, MFAT has had a long term involvement with the Marine Training Centre (MTC) which has trained seafarers to work on foreign vessels, and enabled a significant flow of remittances back to Kiribati.

During the New Zealand Minister of Foreign Affairs’s (McCully) visit to Tarawa in 2009, he identified fisheries as an area where he wants New Zealand to support Kiribati. It became clear early on that New Zealand support for fisheries training, similar to the support offered to seafarer training, would be greatly appreciated by Kiribati. The Secretary of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Ribanataake Awira, has outlined Kiribati’s future plans for gaining a greater share of income from its extensive tuna resources following recent decisions by the Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA). He expressed a need for well trained observers and crew in order to eventually benefit from joint ventures and other new opportunities.

The Secretary of Labour and Human Resources Development,, Enota Ingintau, and the Captains of the MTC, Boro Lucic, and the Fisheries Training Centre (FTC), Rui Natake, were very open to the idea of the NZAID programme building up the FTC’s specialist fisheries training capacity and suggested exploring ways of sharing the excellent facilities available at the MTC. Ingintau suggested that the New Zealand mobilise a consultant to scope out what would be needed to deliver high quality fisheries training in Kiribati including the possibilities of FTC/MTC cooperation. Co-sharing of facilities where possible was seen as preferable.

In December 2009, New Zealand Ministers of Fisheries (Heatley) and Foreign Affairs (McCully) met with the Kiribati Minister of Fisheries, Taberannang Timeon. Minister McCully offered New Zealand assistance to fisheries training. At the meeting, Minister McCully noted that there had been alcohol and behaviour issues associated with I-Kiribati seafarers. He said that New Zealand saw increasing the capacity of fisheries training as an opportunity to help address these issues, to instill the right values during training courses, and to implement good selection processes. Minister Timeon agreed with this, and noted it was essential that his Government address these issue (the Kiribati Ministry of Labour and HRD has subsequently written a policy paper aimed at addressing these issues).

As a result of the high level of agreement between MFAT and Government of Kiribati (GoK) on support to the development of Kiribati’s fisheries training capabilities, it was agreed to proceed to scope the support further through a feasibility study.

This Terms of Reference is for the Initial Phase to review options and to recommend the most suitable way forward. A planned second phase would design a programme of support.


To identify the best way for Kiribati to build its fisheries training capacity to maximise local and international fisheries employment opportunities.

Key Issues

1) What does the GoK aim to achieve with its fisheries sector and in particular fisheries employment in the short (1 year), medium (5 year) and longer (10 year) term?
2) What options (new and existing; local and international) are there for MFAT to support Kiribati in achieving these fisheries employment ambitions? What are the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats related to each of these options?
3) What role should the FTC play in reaching this goal, including:
a. A review of FTC infrastructure, and a cost / benefit analysis of options including:
i. Rebuilding on the same site
ii. Rebuilding on another site
iii. Merger with the MTC.
b. A review of FTC current institutional capacity and programmes, including:
i. an analysis of existing programmes
ii. a pathway for training in purse seine operations
iii. a pathway for FTC providing officer and masters’ level training
iv. a pathway for national observer training programme – suitable for PNA observers (it is expected that this would be implemented in the immediate future).
c. An investigation of cooperation and resource sharing between FTC, MTC and Kiribati Institute of Technology (KIT).
d. An investigation of possibilities for linkages with reputable Fisheries Training Institutions in New Zealand or elsewhere.
e. An investigation of financing of options (including GoK and user pays)
f. Ensuring quality of students at the FTC is maximised.
4) Consideration of relevant cross cutting issues within the various fisheries employment options. For example, this may include consideration of the following (or any other issues that arise):
a. Human Rights: What human right issues (if any) may arise for I-Kiribati working in foreign employment in the fisheries sector? How can these be mitigated?
b. Gender: How can opportunities for employment of women in the fisheries sector be maximised? What measures (if any) will be needed to ensure women’s human rights (esp. safety) are maintained?
c. Environment: What factors will need to be built in to ensure the sustainability of its fisheries resources? What climate change risks should be taken into account?
d. Conflict and Peace Building: How can fisheries training maximise quality of students and mitigate against behavioural issues, while taking into account Kiribati’s preference for equity across islands?
e. HIV/AIDS: What risks associated with HIV/AIDS are there for I-Kiribati in fisheries employment? How can these best be mitigated?
Initial Phase – Feasibility/Scoping Study
No. Task Estimated
time (hours)
1 Briefing (phone / face to face) with the NZAID Development Programme Officer (DPO) for Kiribati. 8
2 Desk based review including:
 The NZAID programme policies and guidelines as relevant to study (see MFAT’s NZAID Tools website)
 Analysis of previous assistance provided to FTC
 Analysis of Kiribati fisheries sector, and GoK intentions under the PNA
 Analysis of assistance provided by MFAT and the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) (and any other donors) to MTC and KIT
 Analysis of assistance provided by MFAT and AusAID (and other donors) to Ministry of Fisheries and the FTC. 28
3 Undertake a 9 day visit to Tarawa (i.e. Tuesday – following Thursday, working a six day week), including meetings with:

 NZ High Commission in Kiribati– Robert Kaiwai and Bereti Awira
 Deputy Secretary of Labour and HRD – Tebao Awerika
 Secretary of Fisheries – Ribanataake Awira
 Secretary of Finance– Atanteora Beiatau
 Secretary for Public Works and Utilities – Riteti Maniriraka
 Secretary of Transport & Director Marine Division
 Captain of FTC – Rui Natake and other FTC staff
 Captain of MTC – Boro Lucic
 KIT Principal – Kevin Downie
 Tarawa Fishermans Cooperative
 South Pacific Marine Services Manager – Peter Lange
 AusAID – Joanne Craigee and Duncan McCulloch
 Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
 Japanese, New Zealand and other fishing and recruiting companies with interests in Kiribati. (NZAID and FTC can provide details)
 Others as may arise during visit. 64
4 Follow up phone calls as needed (stakeholders outside of Tarawa)

 Fisheries training institutions in New Zealand and region.
 South Pacific Commission (SPC): re: marine / fisheries and HIV/ AIDS (NZAID can provide details). 8
5 Submit Draft Report to the NZAID DPO for Kiribati (who will liaise with GoK) outlining:

 summary of visit and meetings held
 A discussion document that addresses the questions raised in Key Issues 1 – 4
 Explanation (approx 5 pages each) of all options identified, including the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (risks) of each option
 Recommend which option/s should be developed into full proposals. 120
6 Incorporate feedback from the NZAID DPO for Kiribati and GoK on Draft Report and submit Final Report to MFAT. 24

Phase Two – Design a Programme of Support
Following Phase One, MFAT will discuss the outcomes of the study with GoK and agree a way forward. Based on this agreement, MFAT will investigate a further Terms of Reference will be developed to design a programme of support that would enable MFAT to invest in building Kiribati fisheries training capacity over the next +/- five years. Depending on the outcomes of the Initial Phase, approval and the requirements of Phase Two, MFAT may extend the contract to include work under this phase, at its sole discretion.

Phase One of the study will be conducted according to these Terms of Reference, that have been developed in conjunction with GoK.

The approach taken during the feasibility study will ensure that the views of all key stakeholders identified are heard and incorporated into the study.

The NZAID DPO for Kiribati will coordinate feedback from GoK on the draft reports, and at other times as necessary.

The Deputy Secretary for the Ministry of Labour and HRD will be the primary point of contact within GoK, but other stakeholders (in particular the Captain of the Fisheries Training Centre, and the Secretary of the Ministry of Fisheries) will also provide comment on the draft and final reports.

Skills and Experience

The contractor must have:

 experience in activity design and participatory approaches;
 a background in the fisheries sector, preferably fisheries training.

It would be highly desirable for the contractor to have:
 experience working in the Pacific, particularly Kiribati.

It would be an advantage if the contractor had:

 a construction / engineering / architectural background;
 a technical and vocational education and training (TVET) background.

Expected Milestones

No. Milestone Date due
1 First Visit to Tarawa
2 Draft report satisfactory to NZAID programme
3 Final Report satisfactory to NZAID programme

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